Influence of segmental spinal cord perfusion on intrathecal oxygen tension during experimental thoracic aortic crossclamping
2000 (English)In: Journal of Vascular Surgery, ISSN 0741-5214, Vol. 31, no 1 Pt 1, 164-170 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibility of identifying alterations in blood supply to the spinal cord during thoracic aortic crossclamping.
METHODS: In 17 pigs, a multiparameter PO(2), PCO(2,) and pH sensor was introduced into the intrathecal space for continuous monitoring of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) oxygenation during aortic crossclamping. An epidural laser Doppler probe was used to measure spinal cord flux. After insertion of an aortic shunt from the left subclavian to the left iliac artery and interruption of the right subclavian and lumbar arteries (L2-L5), the thoracic aorta just distal to the left subclavian artery was clamped for 60 minutes. By placement of the distal aortic crossclamping below the level of L1 in group A (n = 9 animals), perfusion of only the abdominal visceral arteries was maintained. In group B (n = 8 animals), the distal aortic crossclamping was above the level of T12, and thus some spinal cord perfusion was maintained through the aortic shunt.
RESULTS: The significant decrease in CSF PO(2) was observed within 3 minutes after the placement of the proximal aortic crossclamping and was normalized in all animals after establishment of the shunt flow. In group A, distal aortic crossclamping caused a decrease in CSF PO(2) with at least 50% of the preclamping values within 3 minutes. The mean CSF PO(2) of 2.99 +/- 0.70 kPa at 60 minutes of distal aortic crossclamping in group B was significantly higher than in group A (0.11 +/- 0.11 kPa; P <. 001). In group A, PCO(2) measurements showed no significant changes in 3 minutes after distal aortic crossclamping but revealed significantly higher values at 30 and 60 minutes compared with group B. Spinal cord flux values showed similar changes as CSF PO(2) during the whole experiment in both groups.
CONCLUSION: In this experimental model of aortic crossclamping, continuous CSF oxygen tension monitoring allows rapid detection of alterations in spinal cord circulation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 31, no 1 Pt 1, 164-170 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-58120DOI: 10.1016/S0741-5214(00)70078-4PubMedID: 10642719OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-58120DiVA: diva2:86029