Increased FiO2 improves intrathecal oxygenation during thoracic aortic cross-clamping in pigs
2001 (English)In: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, ISSN 1401-7431, Vol. 35, no 2, 147-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of 100% oxygen ventilation on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) oxygenation in 11 pigs during thoracic aortic cross-clamping.
DESIGN: An aorto-aortic shunt was used for control of central hemodynamics and study of hypoperfusion by exsanguination. CSF PO2, PCO2 and pH were continuously monitored before and during clamping. The changes in hemodynamic parameters and intrathecal gas tensions in response to variations in proximal mean aortic pressure and fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) were recorded.
RESULTS: Baseline CSF PO2 decreased from 4.8 +/- 1.9 to 2.6 +/- 2.2 kPa following aortic occlusion. Increasing FiO2 to 1.0 resulted in a significant increase in CSF PO2 to 4.1 +/- 3.0 with a return to 2.7 +/- 2.1 kPa after reducing FiO2 to 0.4 again. The same variations in FiO2 did not induce any significant changes in CSF PO2 during hypotension.
CONCLUSION: Increased FiO2 during experimental thoracic aortic cross-clamping with stable proximal arterial pressure helps to maintain CSF PO2, whereas severe hypotension could not be compensated for by hyperoxemia.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 35, no 2, 147-150 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-58429PubMedID: 11405492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-58429DiVA: diva2:86339