A prospective study of rapid methods of detecting cytomegalovirus in the blood of renal transplant recipients in relation to patient and graft survival
1996 (English)In: Clinical Transplantation, ISSN 0902-0063, E-ISSN 1399-0012, Vol. 10, no 6 Pt 1, 494-502 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Eighty-five renal transplant recipients were prospectively monitored for CMV infection up to 4 months post-transplantation by virus isolation from leukocytes, CMV antigen detection (pp65) in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of alkaline treated plasma (P-PCR), PCR of extracted DNA from PBL (L-PCR) and serology. Additionally univariate and multivariate analyses of risk factors for patient and graft survival up to 4 yr post-transplantation were performed. The incidence of CMV infection was 78% and of CMV disease 33%. Antigen detection in PBL was positive before or at onset of symptoms in 23/24 (96%) evaluable patients with CMV disease. The corresponding figures for virus isolation were 22/24 (92%), P-PCR 21/24 (88%) and for L-PCR 18/24 (75%). The percentage of negative samples in patients without CMV disease was 89% for the antigen test, 92% for L-PCR and 83% for virus isolation and P-PCR. One rapid test (antigen test, P-PCR or L-PCR) was positive at a median of 16 d before the onset of symptoms. The antigen test was generally the first rapid test to become positive. CMV disease did not affect graft survival in the multivariate analysis but was associated with decreased patient survival.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 10, no 6 Pt 1, 494-502 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-58544PubMedID: 8996769OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-58544DiVA: diva2:86453