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Time response of the frequency of hydroelectric generator unit with surge tank under isolated operation based on turbine regulating modes
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity. (Hydropower)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1638-0792
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2015 (English)In: Electric power components and systems, ISSN 1532-5008, E-ISSN 1532-5016, Vol. 43, no 20, 2341-2355 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aiming at studying the regulation quality of isolated turbine regulating systems under load disturbance and different regulation modes, the complete mathematical model of a turbine regulating system under three regulation modes is established. Then, based on dominant poles and null points, the method of order reduction for a high-order system of time response of the frequency is proposed. By this method, the complete high-order systems are solved and the regulation quality for time response of the frequency is studied. The results indicate that (1) the tail wave, which is the main body of time response of the frequency and the principal factor that determines the regulation quality, is mainly determined by the dominant poles; (2) for the three regulation modes, by deleting the high-order terms, the three equivalent overall transfer functions are fourth order, third order, and third order, respectively, and can be solved; (3) the analytical fluctuation equations of time response of the frequency solved from low-order equivalent overall transfer functions accurately simulate the fluctuation characteristics of time response; and (4) based on damped vibrations decomposed from analytical fluctuation equations, the regulation qualities of three regulation modes are analyzed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 43, no 20, 2341-2355 p.
Keyword [en]
hydroelectric generator unit; surge tank; isolated operation; turbine regulating system; time response of the frequency; regulation quality; regulating mode; dominant pole
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265426DOI: 10.1080/15325008.2015.1082681ISI: 000364312000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-265426DiVA: diva2:865625
Available from: 2015-10-28 Created: 2015-10-28 Last updated: 2017-12-01
In thesis
1. Hydropower plants and power systems: Dynamic processes and control for stable and efficient operation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hydropower plants and power systems: Dynamic processes and control for stable and efficient operation
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As the largest global renewable source, hydropower shoulders a large portion of the regulation duty in many power systems. New challenges are emerging from variable renewable energy (VRE) sources, the increasing scale and complexity of hydropower plants (HPPs) and power grid. Stable and efficient operation of HPPs and their interaction with power systems is of great importance.

Theoretical analysis, numerical simulation and on-site measurement are adopted as main study methods in this thesis. Various numerical models of HPPs are established, with different degrees of complexity for different purposes. The majority of the analysis and results are based on eight HPPs in Sweden and China.

Stable operation (frequency stability and rotor angle stability) and efficient operation are two important goals. Regarding the stable operation, various operating conditions are analysed; the response time of primary frequency control (PFC) and the system stability of isolated operation are investigated. A fundamental study on hydraulic-mechanical-electrical coupling mechanisms for small signal stability of HPPs is conducted. A methodology is proposed to quantify the contribution to the damping of low frequency oscillations from hydraulic turbines. The oscillations, with periods ranging from less than one up to hundreds of seconds, are analysed.

Regarding the efficient operation, a description and an initial analysis of wear and tear of turbines are presented; a controller filter is proposed as a solution for wear reduction of turbines and maintaining the frequency quality of power systems; then the study is further extended by proposing a framework that combines technical plant operation with economic indicators, to obtain relative values of regulation burden and performance of PFC.

The results show that the coupling between the hydraulic-mechanical subsystem and the electrical subsystem can be considerable and should be considered with higher attention. Effectiveness and applicability of different numerical models are shown, supplying suggestions for further model optimization. For the influence from power systems on HPPs, the dynamic processes and corresponding control strategies of HPPs under diverse disturbances and requirements from power systems are addressed. For the influence from HPPs on power systems, quantifications of frequency quality and the hydraulic damping are conducted utilising proposed methodologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 140 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1494
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-318470 (URN)978-91-554-9871-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-05-19, Polhemsalen, Ångtröm 10134, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
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Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-03-24 Last updated: 2017-05-05

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Yang, Weijia

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