Modification of the complement binding properties of polystyrene: effects of end-point heparin attachment.
1993 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0300-9475, E-ISSN 1365-3083, Vol. 37, no 3, 349-354 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In recent years, conjugation of heparin to biomaterials has been shown to improve its biocompatibility. The purpose of the present work was to compare complement activation and binding of C3 to unmodified and heparin-treated polystyrene surfaces of microtitre plates. When polystyrene was incubated with human serum, C3 was deposited on the surface by both adsorption and binding dependent on activation of the classical (CPW) and alternative (APW) pathways. After end-point attachment of heparin, significant C3 deposition, although at reduced levels, occurred only by CPW-mediated mechanisms, while adsorption and APW-mediated binding were strongly reduced. Generally, the modified surface bound lower amounts of protein, e.g. serum albumin and IgG, than the unmodified. By contrast, it had increased affinity for C1q which leads to binding of C1 and activation of complement via the CPW. Nevertheless, the net effect of the surface modification on the complement reaction was an overall reduction of C3 binding due to obliteration of APW. This can be related to an enhanced factor H/I-dependent down-regulation of C3b and to the lowered protein-adsorbing property of the surface, both of which have inhibitory effects on APW and on the C3 shunt-dependent activation of the complement system.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 37, no 3, 349-354 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265469PubMedID: 8441922OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-265469DiVA: diva2:865783