uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Conformational epitopes of C3 reflecting its mode of binding to an artificial polymer surface.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
1993 (English)In: Molecular Immunology, ISSN 0161-5890, E-ISSN 1872-9142, Vol. 30, no 3, 211-219 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to investigate the incompletely understood mechanisms of complement (C) activation and binding on artificial biomaterials. Polystyrene in the form of microtitre plates was used as target for C binding, detectable by ELISA using monoclonal anti-C3 antibodies specific for conformational epitopes expressed by bound C3 and C3 fragments. C3 binding in whole blood/plasma/serum is maximal at low dilutions and occurs predominantly by C activation. At higher dilutions, C3 binding occurs at approximately 1/3 of maximal levels and is solely an effect of adsorption. C3 adsorption in the lower serum dilution range, occurs at low but clearly detectable levels. Comparative epitope analysis between C3 fragments, actively bound to polystyrene in the presence of serum, and of iC3b bound to sheep erythrocytes, clearly indicates that C3 binding/activation on polystyrene takes place as a C3 convertase-mediated reaction, which in serum/plasma is followed by a secondary factor I-dependent degradation of the bound C3b into iC3b. The neo-epitope analysis of serum-contacting polystyrene revealed that the adsorbed C3, throughout the entire serum dilution range tested, deposits in a state closely similar to that observed for purified C3 at a high packing density. Polystyrene surfaces with adsorbed purified C3 expressing this epitope profile were found to mediate APW dependent deposition of C3b in pig serum, presumably by forming a hybrid convertase with porcine Bb. These data therefore suggest that adsorbed C3 on serum-contacting polystyrene surfaces may initiate complement activation via the APW.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 30, no 3, 211-219 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265471PubMedID: 7679465OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-265471DiVA: diva2:865787
Available from: 2015-10-29 Created: 2015-10-29 Last updated: 2017-12-01

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

PubMed
By organisation
Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology
In the same journal
Molecular Immunology
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 292 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf