Endothelin type A receptor inhibition normalises intrarenal hypoxia in rats used as a model of type 1 diabetes by improving oxygen delivery
2015 (English)In: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 58, no 10, 2435-2442 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims/hypothesis Intrarenal tissue hypoxia, secondary to increased oxygen consumption, has been suggested as a unifying mechanism for the development of diabetic nephropathy. Increased endothelin-1 signalling via the endothelin type A receptor (ETA-R) has been shown to contribute to the development of chronic kidney disease, but its role in kidney oxygen homeostasis is presently unknown. Methods The effects of acute ETA-R inhibition (8 nmol/l BQ-123 for 30-40 min directly into the left renal artery) on kidney function and oxygen metabolism were investigated in normoglycaemic control and insulinopenic male Sprague Dawley rats (55 mg/kg streptozotocin intravenously 2 weeks before the main experiment) used as a model of type 1 diabetes. Results Local inhibition of ETA-R in the left kidney did not affect BP in either the control or the diabetic rats. As previously reported, diabetic rats displayed increased kidney oxygen consumption resulting in tissue hypoxia in both the kidney cortex and medulla. The inhibition of ETA-Rs restored normal kidney tissue oxygen availability in the diabetic kidney by increasing renal blood flow, but did not affect oxygen consumption. Furthermore, ETA-R inhibition reduced the diabetes-induced glomerular hyperfiltration and increased the urinary sodium excretion. Kidney function in normoglycaemic control rats was largely unaffected by BQ-123 treatment, although it also increased renal blood flow and urinary sodium excretion in these animals. Conclusions/interpretation Acutely reduced intrarenal ETA-R signalling results in significantly improved oxygen availability in the diabetic kidney secondary to elevated renal perfusion. Thus, the beneficial effects of ETA-R inhibition on kidney function in diabetes may be due to improved intrarenal oxygen homeostasis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 58, no 10, 2435-2442 p.
BQ-123, Diabetic nephropathy, Endothelin type, A receptor, Hypoxia, Kidney function, Rats
Endocrinology and Diabetes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264821DOI: 10.1007/s00125-015-3690-9ISI: 000361538600027PubMedID: 26173672OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-264821DiVA: diva2:865889
FunderSwedish Research CouncilSwedish Diabetes Association