Applying "the upgraded Berg model" to predict hysteresis free reactive sputtering
2015 (English)In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 279, 39-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Reactive sputtering is a popular process to deposit oxides, nitrides, and several other compounds. Unfortunately, this process mostly exhibits a hysteresis effect. The hysteresis causes a delicate choice of either a high deposition rate but not a fully oxidized/nitrided film or a fully formed compound film but at a significantly lower deposition rate. For high reactivity target material/reactive gas systems, the hysteresis forces the process to flip quite abrupt between these two conditions. Process control may therefore be quite critical. In this work we will use the original "Berg model" as well as the newly published "upgraded Berg model" to illustrate how hysteresis is generated. We have selected one simple graph (reactive gas flow vs. partial pressure) that gives clear indications of how the process may be affected in such a way as to decrease or even eliminate the hysteresis. Specific values of target size and composition, gas mixture as well as total pressure and pumping speed are processing parameters that may be selected in a way to eliminate hysteresis. We will show that this behavior is predicted by the simulations and also refer to experimental evidence for such behavior.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 279, 39-43 p.
Reactive sputtering, Hysteresis, Modeling, Thin film
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264811DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2015.07.054ISI: 000361864500006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-264811DiVA: diva2:866271