Evidence for iC3 generation during cardiopulmonary bypass as the result of blood-gas interaction.
1993 (English)In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, E-ISSN 1365-2249, Vol. 91, no 3, 404-409 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Earlier we have shown that iC3 is generated at the blood-gas interface in vitro and that the generation of this molecule is independent of complement activation and the composition of the gas. In order to investigate whether iC3 is also generated during cardiopulmonary bypass where blood comes into contact with oxygen bubbles, two bubble oxygenators were incubated at 37 degrees C with human heparinized blood. A continuous increase in the level of iC3 was shown in the oxygen-perfused bubble oxygenator (up to 100 nmol/l after 180 min) in contrast to the unbubbled control. Similarly, in plasma drawn from patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass using either bubble or membrane oxygenators, the levels of iC3 were shown to increase continuously during the operation. Furthermore, this form of C3 was found to be susceptible to cleavage by factor I. The formation of iC3 at the blood-gas interface in vivo could be a mechanism by which gas bubbles induce clinical manifestations associated with complement activation, e.g. during cardiopulmonary bypass, adult respiratory distress syndrome and decompression sickness.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 91, no 3, 404-409 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265778PubMedID: 8443963OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-265778DiVA: diva2:866545