Quantitative evaluation of cochlear neurons and computer-aided three-dimensional reconstruction of spiral ganglion cells in humans with a peripheral loss of nerve fibres
1997 (English)In: Hearing Research, ISSN 0378-5955, E-ISSN 1878-5891, Vol. 105, no 1-2, 183-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Quantitative data on human cochlear neuronal elements were collected from various regions in five patients with high-tone hearing loss due to presbycusis and in two patients with normal hearing. The number of nerve fibers was assessed in the spiral lamina and in the inner acoustic meatus together with counts of spiral ganglion cells. The results show that the number of neurons decreased peripherally, i.e., with increasing distance from the central nervous system in patients with high-tone hearing loss due to presbycusis. In two patients with normal hearing no significant difference in the number of neurons was found in the lamina spiralis as compared to the inner acoustic canal. Computer-aided 3-dimensional reconstruction of the human spiral ganglion displayed large bipolar neurons (type I cells), but also large ganglion cells with one missing axon. The results may indicate that a slow retrograde degeneration occurs from the periphery towards the spiral ganglion in presbycusis. Transmission electron microscopy analysis of freshly fixed human spiral ganglions displayed interneural connections. It is speculated whether a trophic supply from other neurons at the level of the spiral ganglion can prevent or delay further degeneration of the central axon.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 105, no 1-2, 183-190 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-58876DOI: 10.1016/S0378-5955(96)00209-2PubMedID: 9083815OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-58876DiVA: diva2:86785