Variation in the Efficacy of Hormone Replacement Therapy in the Prevention of Hip Fracture
1998 (English)In: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, Vol. 8, no 6, 540-546 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been associated with a reduced risk of osteoporotic fractures. However, it is uncertain whether this risk reduction is modified by other risk factors for hip fracture. In a population-based case-control study in Sweden, we investigated the association between HRT and hip fracture risk within categories of age, body measures and lifestyle factors in postmenopausal women, 50-81 years of age. Mailed questionnaires and telephone interviews were used to collect data. Of those eligible, 1328 incident cases with hip fracture (82.5%) and 3312 randomly selected controls (81.6%) answered the questionnaire. Ever use of HRT in women less than 75 years old was associated with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.66 (95% confidence interval: 95% CI 0.50-0.87) for hip fracture compared with OR 0.40 (95% CI 0.21-0.77) in women 75 years or older. We found a significant interaction between HRT and both weight and physical activity (p < 0.05). The protective effect of HRT was particularly pronounced in lean women: compared with never HRT users, ever users weighing under 60 kg had an OR of 0.44 (95% CI 0.30-0.66) whereas women weighing more than 70 kg had an OR of 0.91 (95% CI 0.53-1.56). Women with low recent leisure physical activity (less than 1 h/week) similarly benefited more from HRT for hip fracture prevention than women with a higher degree of recreational physical activity. The observed interactions with weight and physical activity suggest that HRT has the best protective effect against hip fracture among high-risk women.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 8, no 6, 540-546 p.
Estrogen, Hip fracture, Hormone replacement therapy, Interaction, Physical activity, Weight
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-59030DOI: 10.1007/s001980050096PubMedID: 10326058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-59030DiVA: diva2:86939