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A Multiscalar Analysis of Neighborhood Composition in Los Angeles, 2000-2010: A Location-Based Approach to Segregation and Diversity
Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Geog, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
Univ Stockholm, Dept Human Geog, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
Univ Stockholm, Dept Human Geog, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
2015 (English)In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, ISSN 0004-5608, E-ISSN 1467-8306, Vol. 105, no 6, 1260-1284 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There continues to be cross-disciplinary interest in the patterns, extent, and changing contexts of segregation and spatial inequality more generally. The changes are clearly context dependent but at the same time there are broad generalizations that arise from the processes of residential sorting and selection. A major question in U.S. segregation research is how the growth of Asian and Hispanic populations is influencing patterns of segregation and diversity at the neighborhood level. In this article we use a variant of a nearest neighbor approach to map, graph, and evaluate patterns of race and ethnicity at varying scales. We show that using a multiscalar approach to segregation can provide a detailed and more complete picture of segregation. The research confirms work from other studies that segregation is decreasing between some groups and increasing between others, and the patterns, and processes can be described as dynamic diversity. In a series of maps of ethnic clusters and population homogeneity we show how metropolitan areas, represented in this case by Los Angeles, now display patterns of complex living arrangements with multiple groups inhabiting both local neighborhoods and wider community spheres.

Abstract [es]

Continúa notable el interés transdisciplinario sobre los patrones, alcance y cambiantes contextos de la segregacion y, de manera mas general, sobre la desigualdad espacial. Es claro que los cambios dependen del contexto, pero al mismo tiempo se generan amplias generalizaciones a partir de los procesos de ordenamiento y seleccion residencial. Un interrogante medular de la investigacion sobre segregacion en los EE.UU. se refiere a como esta influyendo el crecimiento de las poblaciones asiaticas e hispanas sobre los patrones de segregacion y diversidad a nivel de vecindario. En este articulo usamos una variante del metodo del vecino mas cercano para cartografiar, graficar y evaluar los patrones de raza y etnicidad a diversas escalas. Mostramos que el uso de un enfoque multiescalar en segregacion puede proporcionar un cuadro mas detallado y completo de este fenomeno. La investigacion confirma el trabajo de otros estudios en el sentido de que la segregacion esta disminuyendo entre algunos grupos, mientras aumenta entre otros, y confirma los patrones; y los procesos pueden describirse como una diversidad dinamica. Mostramos en una serie de mapas de agrupamientos etnicos y de homogeneidad de la poblacion el modo como las areas metropolitanas, ilustradas en este caso por Los angeles, despliegan ahora patrones de arreglos de vida complejos con multiples grupos asentados tanto en vecindarios locales como dentro de esferas comunitarias mas amplias.

Abstract [zh]

对于隔离及更普遍的空间不均之形态、范围与改变中的脉络,一直有着持续的跨领域研究兴趣。这些改变明显取决于脉络,但同时却有来自居住分类和选择过程的广 泛普遍化。美国隔离研究中的主要问题是,亚裔与拉丁裔人口的成长,如何在邻里层级影响着隔离和多样化的形态。我们于本文中,运用不同的最邻近方法,製图、 标绘并评估不同尺度中,种族及族裔的形态。我们显示,将多层级方法运用于隔离,可提供详细、且更为完整的隔离图像。本研究証实其他研究有关隔离在部分群体 之间正在降低、但在其他群体之间正逐渐增加的论点,而该形态与过程,可被描绘成动态多样化。我们在族裔群聚和人口同质性的一系列地图中,展现出大都会地区 ——在本案例中呈现的是洛杉矶——今日如何呈现复杂的居住安排形态,其中多重的社群同时居住于在地邻里和更大范围的社群领域之中。

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 105, no 6, 1260-1284 p.
Keyword [en]
ethnicity, neighborhoods, residential patterns, scale, segregation, etnicidad, barrios, patrones residenciales, escala, segregacion
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266678DOI: 10.1080/00045608.2015.1072790ISI: 000362947900008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-266678DiVA: diva2:871556
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 349-2007-8701Swedish Research Council, 2012-5509
Available from: 2015-11-16 Created: 2015-11-10 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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