Exploring Factors Causing Low Brain penetration of the Opioid Peptide DAMGO through Experimental Methods and Modeling
2016 (English)In: Molecular Pharmaceutics, ISSN 1543-8384, E-ISSN 1543-8392, Vol. 13, no 4, 1258-1266 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To advance the development of peptide analogues for improved treatment of pain, we need to learn more about the blood brain barrier transport of these substances. A low penetration into the brain, with an unbound brain to blood ratio, K-p,K-uu, of 0.08, is an important reason for the lack of effect of the enkephalin analogue DAMGO (H-Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-MePhe-Gly-ol) according to earlier findings. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of efflux transporters, metabolism in the brain, and/or elimination through interstitial fluid bulk flow for the brain exposure of DAMGO. The in vivo brain distribution of DAMGO was evaluated using microdialysis in the rat. Data were analyzed with population modeling which resulted in a clearance into the brain of 1.1 and an efflux clearance 14 mu L/min/g_brain. The efflux clearance was thus much higher than the bulk flow known from the literature. Coadministration with the efflux transporter inhibitors cyclosporin A and elacridar in vivo did not affect K-p,K-uu. The permeability of DAMGO in the Caco-2 assay was very low, of the same size as mannitol. The efflux ratio was <2 and not influenced by cyclosporin A or elacridar. These results indicate that the well-known efflux transporters Pgp and Bcrp are not responsible for the higher efflux of DAMGO, which opens up for an important role of other transporters at the BBB.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 13, no 4, 1258-1266 p.
CNS, blood-brain barrier, microdialysis, permeability, Pgp, population modeling, NONMEM, elacridar, cyclosporine A, efflux, pharmacokinetics
Research subject Pharmacokinetics and Drug Therapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267592DOI: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.5b00835ISI: 000373550600007PubMedID: 26898546OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-267592DiVA: diva2:873719
FunderSwedish Research Council