Agricultural land use change in peri-urbanizing out-migration communities in Bolivia
2015 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
The main purpose of this study is to understand how land use has been changing in two Bolivian agricultural communities over the last 30 years in relation to an ongoing peri-urbanization process, an increasing household engagement in transnational labor migration and changing environmental conditions. The fieldwork was carried out in two neighboring communities located in the agricultural valley region of Cochabamba at an altitude of 2800-2900 masl. Whereas there is a continuous access to water for irrigation purposes in one of the communities, the other has been suffering of droughts and decreasing soil productivity in recent years. Besides, there is an increasing pressure on land due to internal in-migration from the Bolivian highlands in the latter, while such in-migration flows have been limited in the former. In both of the communities, there is an increasing amount of households involved in transnational labor migration as an alternative livelihood in addition to agricultural activities. Thus, these places are analyzed as agricultural landscapes of rapid change that are connected to several flows of people and capital. The main field methods included life history interviews, field walks and participatory scoring and mapping exercises. To determine the patterns of land use change, these ethnographic methods were combined with the analysis of historical and current aerial photographs and satellite imagery. In addition, temperature and precipitation data was analyzed in order to understand better the dimension of environmental change.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
land use change, agriculture, transnational migration, environmental change, Latin America, Bolivia
Research subject Social and Economic Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-268207OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-268207DiVA: diva2:876137
Association of American Geographers' Annual Meeting, Chicago, USA, April 21-25, 2015.
Paper presentation at the Association of American Geographers' Annual Meeting, Chicago, USA, April 21-25, 2015.2015-12-022015-12-022015-12-02