Pelvic pain after childbirth: a longitudinal population study
2016 (English)In: Pain, ISSN 0304-3959, E-ISSN 1872-6623, Vol. 157, no 3, 710-716 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this longitudinal population study, the aims were to study associations of mode of delivery with new onset of pelvic pain and changes in pelvic pain scores up to 7-18 months after childbirth. We included 20,248 participants enrolled in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (1999-2008) without preexisting pelvic pain in pregnancy. Data were obtained by four self-administered questionnaires and linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. A total of 4.5% of the women reported new onset of pelvic pain 0-3 months postpartum. Compared to unassisted vaginal delivery, operative vaginal delivery was associated with increased odds of pelvic pain (adjusted odds ratio 1.30; 95% confidence interval: 1.06-1.59). Planned and emergency cesarean deliveries were associated with reduced odds of pelvic pain (adjusted odds ratio 0.48; 95% confidence interval: 0.31-0.74 and adjusted odds ratio 0.65; 95% confidence interval: 0.49-0.87, respectively). Planned cesarean delivery, young maternal age, and low Symptom Checklist-8 scores were associated with low pelvic pain scores after childbirth. A history of pain was the only factor associated with increased pelvic pain scores over time (P=0.047). We conclude that new onset of pelvic pain after childbirth was not commonly reported, particularly following cesarean delivery. Overall, pelvic pain scores were rather low at all time points and women with a history of pain reported increased pelvic pain scores over time. Hence, clinicians should follow up women with pelvic pain after a difficult childbirth experience, particularly if they have a history of pain.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 157, no 3, 710-716 p.
Childbirth; Chronic pain; Epidemiology; Mode of delivery; Pelvic pain; Pregnancy; The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-269332DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000427ISI: 000378258800022PubMedID: 26588694OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-269332DiVA: diva2:882769
FunderNIH (National Institute of Health), N01-ES-75558; UO1 NS 047537-01; UO1 NS 047537-06A1