uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
A 5000-year pollen and plant macrofossil record from the Osogovo Mountain, Southwestern Bulgaria: Vegetation history and human impact
Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Res, BU-1113 Sofia, Bulgaria..
Katholieke Univ Leuven, Ctr Archaeol Sci, B-3001 Louvain, Belgium.;Royal Belgian Inst Nat Sci, Dept Palaeontol, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium..
Sofia Univ St Kliment Ohridski, Fac Biol, Palynol Lab, Dept Bot, Sofia 1164, Bulgaria..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development.
2015 (English)In: Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, ISSN 0034-6667, E-ISSN 1879-0615, Vol. 223, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Pollen and plant macrofossil analyses were performed on a sequence 105 cm deep obtained from a peat bog (1750 m) that is located above the present timber-line in the Osogovo Mountain, Southwestern Bulgaria. The palaeovegetation reconstruction, supported by a radiocarbon chronology, revealed the vegetation dynamics and human impact during the last 5000 years. The peat bog formed when a coniferous belt of Abies alba and Pinus (Pinus sylvestris, Pinus nigra) covered the high mountain slopes. Charcoal fragments indicate the presence of a broad-leaved tree community composed of Quercus, Corylus, Carpinus, Tilia, Acer and Ulmus at lower altitudes. Stands of Fagus sylvatica in places with higher air and soil humidity, like river valleys and deep ravines, became established. The pollen assemblages after c. 3200 cal. BP record an important change in the forest composition that led to the replacement of the conifers, mostly A. alba, by the invading communities of F. sylvatica. The reasons for this replacement included factors related to both climate change and anthropogenic disturbance. During the last centuries a large-scale degradation of the woodlands in the mountain has occurred. On a regional scale the palaeoecological evidence is compared with information from palynological, archaeological and historical sources in Southwestern Bulgaria.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 223, 1-9 p.
Keyword [en]
Pollen analysis, Plant macrofossils, Human impact, Osogovo Mountain, Holocene, Southwestem Bulgaria
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-269966DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.08.005ISI: 000365060700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-269966DiVA: diva2:885605
Available from: 2015-12-19 Created: 2015-12-19 Last updated: 2015-12-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Snowball, Ian
By organisation
Natural Resources and Sustainable Development
In the same journal
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 256 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link