Hydrogen production by the engineered cyanobacterial strain Nostoc PCC 7120 Delta hupW examined in a flat panel photobioreactor system
2015 (English)In: Journal of Biotechnology, ISSN 0168-1656, E-ISSN 1873-4863, Vol. 215, 35-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Nitrogenase based hydrogen production was examined in a Delta hupW strain of the filamentous heterocystous cyanobacterium Nostoc PCC 7120, i.e., cells lacking the last step in the maturation system of the large subunit of the uptake hydrogenase and as a consequence with a non-functional uptake hydrogenase. The cells were grown in a developed flat panel photobioreactor system with 3.0 L culture volume either aerobically (air) or anaerobically (Ar or 80% N2120% Ar) and illuminated with a mixture of red and white LED. Aerobic growth of the Delta hupW strain of Nostoc PCC 7120 at 44 mu molar photons m(-2) s(-1) PAR gave the highest hydrogen production of 0.7 mL H-2 L-1 h(-1), 0.53 mmol H-2 mg chlorophyll a(-1) h(-1), and a light energy conversion efficiency of 1.2%. Anaerobic growth using 100% argon showed a maximal hydrogen production of 1.7 mL L-1 h(-1), 0.85 mmol per mg chlorophyll a(-1) h(-1), and a light energy conversion efficiency of 2.7%. Altering between argon/N2 (20180) and 100% argon phases resulted in a maximal hydrogen production at hour 128 (100% argon phase) with 6.2 mL H-2 L-1 h(-1), 0.71 mL H-2 mg chlorophyll a(-1) h(-1), and a light energy efficiency conversion of 4.0%. The highest buildup of hydrogen gas observed was 6.89% H-2 (100% argon phase) of the total photobioreactor system with a maximal production of 4.85 mL H-2 L-1 h(-1). The present study clearly demonstrates the potential to use purpose design cyanobacteria in developed flat panel photobioreactor systems for the direct production of the solar fuel hydrogen. Further improvements in the strain used, environmental conditions employed, and growth, production and collection systems used, are needed before a sustainable and economical cyanobacterial based hydrogen production can be realized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 215, 35-43 p.
Nostoc PCC 7120, Cyanobacteria, Flat panel photobioreactor, Hydrogen production, Delta hupW
Other Chemistry Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-269959DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2015.08.028ISI: 000365079800006PubMedID: 26325196OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-269959DiVA: diva2:885611
FunderSwedish Energy AgencyKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation