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Changes in dorsal neck muscle function in individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorders: a real-time ultrasound case-control study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD). Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, Div Physiotherapy, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden.
Umea Univ, Dept Chem, Computat Life Sci Cluster CLiC, S-90187 Umea, Sweden.
Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, Div Physiotherapy, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Physiotherapy, Stockholm, Sweden.; Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Phys Therapy, Solna, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0301-5629, E-ISSN 1879-291X, Vol. 42, no 5, 1090-1102 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Impaired neck muscle function leads to disability in individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorder (WAD), but diagnostic tools are lacking. In this study, deformations and deformation rates were investigated in five dorsal neck muscles during 10 arm elevations by ultrasonography with speckle tracking analyses. Forty individuals with chronic WAD (28 women and 12 men, mean age = 37 y) and 40 healthy controls matched for age and sex were included. The WAD group had higher deformation rates in the multifidus muscle during the first (p < 0.04) and 10th (only women, p < 0.01) arm elevations compared with the control group. Linear relationships between the neck muscles for deformation rate (controls: R-2 = 0.24-0.82, WAD: R-2 = 0.05-0.74) and deformation of the deepest muscles (controls: R-2 = 0.61-0.32, WAD: R-2 = 0.15-0.01) were stronger for women in the control group versus women with WAD, indicating there is altered interplay between dorsal neck muscles in chronic WAD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 42, no 5, 1090-1102 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270190DOI: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2015.12.022ISI: 000373385300008PubMedID: 26921149OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-270190DiVA: diva2:886300
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD)Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine
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