Effects of poor asthma control, insomnia, anxiety and depression on quality of life in young asthmatics
2016 (English)In: Journal of Asthma, ISSN 0277-0903, E-ISSN 1532-4303, Vol. 53, no 4, 398-403 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: Asthma-related quality of life has previously been shown to be associated with asthma control. The aims of the present study were to further analyze this correlation, identify other variables with impact on asthma-related quality of life, and investigate the covariance among these variables.
METHODS: Information was retrieved from a cohort of 369 patients, aged 12-35, with physician-diagnosed asthma requiring anti-inflammatory treatment for at least 3 months per year. Questionnaire data [including the mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (mAQLQ), Asthma Control Test (ACT), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)], quality of sleep, lung function data and blood samples were analyzed. Linear regression models with the mAQLQ score as the dependent scalar variable were calculated.
RESULTS: ACT was the single variable that had the highest explanatory value for the mAQLQ score (51.5%). High explanatory power was also observed for anxiety and depression (17.0%) and insomnia (14.1%). The population was divided into groups depending on presence of anxiety and depression, uncontrolled asthma, and insomnia. The group that reported none of these conditions had the highest mean mAQLQ score (6.3 units), whereas the group reporting all of these conditions had the lowest mAQLQ score (3.8 units).
CONCLUSIONS: The ACT score was the single most important variable in predicting asthma-related quality of life. Combining the ACT score with the data on insomnia, anxiety and depression showed considerable additive effects of the conditions. Hence, we recommend the routine use of the ACT and careful attention to symptoms of insomnia, anxiety or depression in the clinical evaluation of asthma-related quality of life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 53, no 4, 398-403 p.
Asthma; epidemiology; asthma control; ACT; mAQLQ; quality of life; sleep; HADS; anxiety; depression
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270378DOI: 10.3109/02770903.2015.1126846ISI: 000374991200009PubMedID: 26666333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-270378DiVA: diva2:889640