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Smärta och dess olika samband i livets slutskede
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Palliativ vård syftar bland annat till att lindra lidande och symtom som smärta och ångest. För att kunna bedöma, utvärdera samt lindra symtomen behövs smärtskattningsinstument användas. Att lindra dessa symtom främjar livskvaliteten hos patienter i en palliativ fas. Genom det Svenska palliativregistret finns möjlighet att sammanställa och utvärdera information som kan främja forskning och därmed bidra till ett minskat lidande.

Syfte: Syftet är att undersöka förekomst av smärta och smärtlindring i livets slutskede samt se i vilken utsträckning validerade instrument används. Syftet är också att undersöka om det finns någon skillnad mellan smärta och olika bakgrundsvariabler.

Metod: Denna studie är en deskriptiv studie av kvantitativ design och är utformad med hjälp av retrospektiv registerdata. Datan insamlades genom det Svenska palliativregistrets dödsfallsenkät. 1435 patienter inkluderades som hade vårdats på olika palliativa vårdformer inom Uppsala och Enköping.  

Resultat: Resultatet visar att smärtskattningsinstrument används i en bristande utsträckning inom den palliativa vården, då endast 56 % utav de som hade smärta också smärtskattades. När det gäller smärtlindring så blev 69 % utav patienterna helt och 30 % delvis smärtlindrade. Vid analysen utav samband mellan smärtlindring och vissa dödsplatser så visade resultatet att det fanns en signifikant skillnad. Samma resultat framkom även gällande analysen utav samband mellan vissa grundsjukdomar och upplevelsen utav smärta. Upplevelsen utav smärta samtidigt som upplevd ångest visade sig ha ett samband.

Slutsats: Detta område är relativt outforskat, vilket gör att mer forskning behövs. Resultatet från denna studie kan användas som ett underlag för framtida forskning. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Palliative care is intended to alleviate suffering such as pain and anxiety. By using pain measurements instruments these symptoms can be assessed, evaluated and alleviated. The patients life quality is promoted by alleviating these symptoms. Through the Swedish Register of palliative care there is a possibility to compile and evaluate information that can promote research and thereby contribute to a reduced suffering.

Aim: The aim is to investigate the presence of pain and pain treatment in end of life care and also to learn in which extent validated pain measurements instruments are used. The aim is also to investigate whether there is a difference between pain and different background variables.

Method: This is a descriptive study of a quantitative design and is shaped with retrospective registry data. The data was collected through the Swedish register of palliative cares’ death questionnaire. 1435 patients were included who had been cared in different forms of palliative care in Uppsala and Enköping.

Result: The result shows that pain measurement instruments are used in a lacking extent in palliative care, where 56 % of those who experienced pain were pain estimated. When it comes to pain estimation this study shows that 69 % of the patients were completely relieved of their pain and 30 % were partly relieved. The analysis of the connection between pain treatment and some death places showed that there is a significant difference. The same result also appeared in the analyze of the connection between some background diseases and the experience of pain. The experience of pain was shown to have a connection with the experience of anxiety.

Conclusion: This area is relatively unexplored, which means more research is required. The results of this study could be used as a basis for future research. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Pain, palliative care, pain measurement instruments, anxiety, pain treatment, the Swedish register of palliative care
Keyword [sv]
Smärta, palliativ vård, smärtskattningsinstrument, ångest, smärtbehandling, Svenska palliativregistret
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270536OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-270536DiVA: diva2:890025
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-04 Created: 2015-12-30 Last updated: 2016-01-04Bibliographically approved

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