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The meal pattern questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation using the eating disorder examination
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)In: Eating Behaviors, ISSN 1471-0153, E-ISSN 1873-7358, Vol. 21, 7-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

Meal pattern is an important variable in both obesity treatment and treatment for eating disorders. Momentary assessment and eating diaries are highly valid measurement methods but often cumbersome and not always feasible to use in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to design and evaluate a self-report instrument for measuring meal patterns.

Method

The Pattern of eating item from the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) interview was adapted to self-report format to follow the same overall structure as the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire. The new instrument was named the Meal Patterns Questionnaire (MPQ) and was compared with the EDE in a student sample (n = 105) and an obese sample (n = 111).

Results

The individual items of the MPQ and the EDE showed moderate to high correlations (rho = .63–89) in the two samples. Significant differences between the MPQ and EDE were only found for two items in the obese sample. The total scores correlated to a high degree (rho = .87/.74) in both samples and no significant differences were found in this variable.

Discussion

The MPQ can provide an overall picture of a person's eating patterns and is a valid way to collect data regarding meal patterns. The MPQ may be a useable tool in clinical practice and research studies when more extensive instruments cannot be used. Future studies should evaluate the MPQ in diverse cultural populations and with more ecological assessment methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 21, 7-10 p.
Keyword [en]
Eating behavior; Meal pattern; Obesity; Snacking; Psychometric
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270779DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2015.12.002ISI: 000375140600002PubMedID: 26722817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-270779DiVA: diva2:890539
Available from: 2016-01-04 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Alfonsson, SvenHursti, Timo

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