The Glass Ceiling in Politics: Formalization and Empirical Tests
2016 (English)In: Comparative Political Studies, ISSN 0010-4140, E-ISSN 1552-3829, Vol. 49, no 5, 567-599 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There is a scarcity of women at the apex of political power, as well as a lack of methods to disentangle the potential sources of this under-representation. This paper suggests a four-step method to test for whether women's under-representation can be explained by the existence of a "glass ceiling." We emphasize that this concept implies discrimination in promotions within
the political organization, that the discriminatory promotions increase in severity at the top
levels of power, and that they increase in severity during an individual’s career trajectory. The proposed method is applied to subnational politics in Sweden, a long-standing world leader in women's descriptive representation. The results support the conjecture that a glass ceiling is hindering elected women's rise to political power in this context.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 49, no 5, 567-599 p.
glass ceiling; political careers; subnational politics; women and politics; supply of politicians; gender inequality; racial inequality
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270982DOI: 10.1177/0010414015621073ISI: 000371602800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-270982DiVA: diva2:890964
FunderSwedish Research CouncilRagnar Söderbergs stiftelseTorsten Söderbergs stiftelse