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The Primary Effect: Preference Votes and Political Promotions
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Res Inst Ind Econ, Stockholm, Sweden.
Stockholm Univ, Inst Int Econ Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.; Canadian Inst Adv Res, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Res Inst Ind Econ, Stockholm, Sweden.; UCLS, Los Angeles, CA USA.
2016 (English)In: American Political Science Review, ISSN 0003-0554, E-ISSN 1537-5943, Vol. 110, no 3, 559-578 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this analysis of how electoral rules and outcomes shape the internal organization of political parties, we make an analogy to primary elections to argue that parties use preference-vote tallies to identify popular politicians and promote them to positions of power. We document this behavior among parties in Sweden's semi-open-list system and in Brazil's open-list system. To identify a causal impact of preference votes, we exploit a regression discontinuity design around the threshold of winning the most preference votes on a party list. In our main case, Sweden, these narrow “primary winners” are at least 50% more likely to become local party leaders than their runners-up. Across individual politicians, the primary effect is present only for politicians who hold the first few positions on the list and when the preference-vote winner and runner-up have similar competence levels. Across party groups, the primary effect is the strongest in unthreatened governing parties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 110, no 3, 559-578 p.
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-270988DOI: 10.1017/S0003055416000241ISI: 000388210200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-270988DiVA: diva2:890973
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilTorsten Söderbergs stiftelseRagnar Söderbergs stiftelse
Available from: 2016-01-05 Created: 2016-01-05 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Folke, Olle

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