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Treating youth in pain: Comparing tailored behavioural medicine treatment provided by physical therapists in primary care with physical exercises.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Barnonkologisk forskning/Ljungman)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Center of Health And Medical Psychology, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: European Journal of Pain, ISSN 1090-3801, E-ISSN 1532-2149, Vol. 20, no 4, 626-638 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy of tailored behavioural medicine treatment within a physical therapy framework.

METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled study (RCT): tailored behavioural medicine treatment (EXT) delivered by physical therapists (PTs) was compared with exercise-based treatment (CT). Thirty-two adolescents (mean age 14.3 years) with persistent pain participated. Data on pain-related disability and school attendance (primary outcomes), pain intensity, catastrophizing, fear of movement and self-efficacy were collected.

RESULTS: The pain-related disability measured by the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI) resulted in mean score change of EXT = -18 and CT = -11, respectively. A significant change within both groups was found (EXT p = 0.003, CT p = 0.001), and a large effect size for FDI between the conditions was demonstrated (AUC of 0.77). For school attendance post-treatment, no difference was found between conditions. For secondary outcomes, a significant improvement in pain intensity and pain catastrophizing was found for the EXT and self-efficacy for the CT groups but no statistically significant difference between the two conditions was detected. Caution should be given to the small sample size, as it may affect the interpretation and generalizability of the results.

CONCLUSION: In this study, differences between tailored behavioural medicine treatment delivered by PTs and exercise-based treatment could not be demonstrated, although the effect size was large. Patients who received either treatment demonstrated significant changes over time in pain-related disability. The low number of participants and suboptimal tailoring of the psychological components may partly explain the failure to demonstrate differences between groups, and future studies are warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 20, no 4, 626-638 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271402DOI: 10.1002/ejp.780ISI: 000372516800015PubMedID: 26399225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-271402DiVA: diva2:891857
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSven Jerring Foundation
Available from: 2016-01-07 Created: 2016-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Holm, SaraLjungman, GustafÅsenlöf, P

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