Treating youth in pain: Comparing tailored behavioural medicine treatment provided by physical therapists in primary care with physical exercises.
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Pain, ISSN 1090-3801, E-ISSN 1532-2149, Vol. 20, no 4, 626-638 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy of tailored behavioural medicine treatment within a physical therapy framework.
METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled study (RCT): tailored behavioural medicine treatment (EXT) delivered by physical therapists (PTs) was compared with exercise-based treatment (CT). Thirty-two adolescents (mean age 14.3 years) with persistent pain participated. Data on pain-related disability and school attendance (primary outcomes), pain intensity, catastrophizing, fear of movement and self-efficacy were collected.
RESULTS: The pain-related disability measured by the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI) resulted in mean score change of EXT = -18 and CT = -11, respectively. A significant change within both groups was found (EXT p = 0.003, CT p = 0.001), and a large effect size for FDI between the conditions was demonstrated (AUC of 0.77). For school attendance post-treatment, no difference was found between conditions. For secondary outcomes, a significant improvement in pain intensity and pain catastrophizing was found for the EXT and self-efficacy for the CT groups but no statistically significant difference between the two conditions was detected. Caution should be given to the small sample size, as it may affect the interpretation and generalizability of the results.
CONCLUSION: In this study, differences between tailored behavioural medicine treatment delivered by PTs and exercise-based treatment could not be demonstrated, although the effect size was large. Patients who received either treatment demonstrated significant changes over time in pain-related disability. The low number of participants and suboptimal tailoring of the psychological components may partly explain the failure to demonstrate differences between groups, and future studies are warranted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 20, no 4, 626-638 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271402DOI: 10.1002/ejp.780ISI: 000372516800015PubMedID: 26399225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-271402DiVA: diva2:891857
FunderSwedish Research CouncilSven Jerring Foundation