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Argument till fortsätt rökning: En studie om rökares motiv till fortsatt riskbeteende
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Rökning är idag en av de största riskfaktorerna för kroniska sjukdomar så som cancer, KOL och hjärt- kärlsjukdomar. I Sverige röker ca 20% av befolkningen. Syftet med studien var att undersöka vad som motiverar rökare att fortsätta röka samt undersöka deras kunskaper kring de hälsoeffekter rökningen ger. Ökad medvetenhet medför ett bättre bemötande i vården samt en mer individualiserad rökavvänjningsplan.

Metod: Kvalitativ deskriptiv intervjustudie. 12 intervjuer utfördes med rökande personer i Uppsala, intervjuerna baserades på en frågeguide. Data analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Resultatet delades in i fyra teman: 1) Motiv till fortsatt rökning, 2) Motiv mot fortsatt rökning, 3) Rökdebuten, och 4) Rökarens tankar om att röka. Huvudresultatet var att deltagarnas movation till forsatt rökning fanns i de pauser, lugn och belöning deltagarna fick ut av sin rökning. Rökningen var en del av vardagen med vanor och rutiner.

Slutsats: Pauser, lugn, belöning och vanor motiverade deltagarna till fortsatt rökning. Vanorna försvårade möjligheten att sluta röka. För att vårdpersonal ska kunna skapa en individualiserad rökavvänjningsplan måste kunskap om rökarnas motivation för fortsatt rökning fördjupas. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Smoking is today on of the biggest factors for chronic diseases like cancer, COPD and cardiovascular diseases. In Sweden 20% of the population smokes. The purpose of this study was to investigate motivations for smokers towards further smoking and investigate their knowledge about health risks from smoking. A elevated awareness about the topic may lead to a better treatment and a more individualized smoke cessation plan.

Methods: Qualitative descriptive interviews. 12 interviews where done with smoking people in Uppsala, the interviews were based on a questionnaire. The data were analyzed with a qualitative content analysis.

Results: The results were divided into four themes: 1) Motives towards continued smoking, 2) Motives against continued smoking, 3) Smoke initiation, and 4) Smokers thoughts about smoking. The main results were the motivations towards smoking were found in the pauses, the peace and the reward the smokers got out of their smoking. Smoking is a part of each day because habits and routines.

Conclusions: Pauses, tranquility and habits were motivations towards continued smoking. The habits made it hard to quit smoking. To be able to offer a more individualized smoke cessation plan the smokers motivation towards continued smoking and earlier knowledge about health risks have to be illustrate and processed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Argument, motiv, smoking, knowledge
Keyword [sv]
Argument, motiv, rökning, kunskap
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271562OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-271562DiVA: diva2:892441
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-12 Created: 2016-01-10 Last updated: 2016-01-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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