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Biocompatibility of different nanostructured TiO2 scaffolds and their potential for urologic applications
Univ Ljubljana, Biophys Lab, Fac Elect Engn, Trzaska 25, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Univ Ljubljana, Lab Clin Biophys, Fac Hlth Sci, Zdravstvena 5, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry. (Gerrit Bosschloo group)
Univ Ljubljana, Inst Cell Biol, Fac Med, Vrazov Trg 2, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Univ Ljubljana, Inst Cell Biol, Fac Med, Vrazov Trg 2, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
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2016 (English)In: Protoplasma, ISSN 0033-183X, E-ISSN 1615-6102, Vol. 253, no 6, 1439-1447 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Despite great efforts in tissue engineering of the ureter, urinary bladder, and urethra, further research is needed in order to improve the patient's quality of life and minimize the economic burden of different lower urinary tract disorders. The nanostructured titanium dioxide (TiO2) scaffolds have a wide range of clinical applications and are already widely used in orthopedic or dental medicine. The current study was conducted to synthesize TiO2 nanotubes by the anodization method and TiO2 nanowires and nanospheres by the chemical vapor deposition method. These scaffolds were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) methods. In order to test the urologic applicability of generated TiO2 scaffolds, we seeded the normal porcine urothelial (NPU) cells on TiO2 nanotubes, TiO2 nanowires, TiO2 nanospheres, and on the standard porous membrane. The viability and growth of the cells were monitored everyday, and after 3 weeks of culturing, the analysis with scanning electron microscope (SEM) was performed. Our results showed that the NPU cells were attached on all scaffolds; they were viable and formed a multilayered epithelium, i.e., urothelium. The apical plasma membrane of the majority of superficial NPU cells, grown on all three different TiO2 scaffolds and on the porous membrane, exhibited microvilli; thus, indicating that they were at a similar differentiation stage. The maximal caliper diameter measurements of superficial NPU cells revealed significant alterations, with the largest cells being observed on nanowires and the smallest ones on the porous membrane. Our findings indicate that different nanostructured TiO2 scaffolds, especially nanowires, have a great potential for tissue engineering and should be further investigated for various urologic applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 253, no 6, 1439-1447 p.
Keyword [en]
Nanostructured TiO2 scaffolds, Anodization, Chemical vapor deposition, Normal porcine urothelial cells, Urologic application
National Category
Biophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-272020DOI: 10.1007/s00709-015-0896-0ISI: 000386509400006PubMedID: 26497540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-272020DiVA: diva2:892792
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Pazoki, Meysam

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