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Hälsoeffekter av fysisk aktivitet hos personer med bipolärt syndrom: Litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fysisk aktivitet har visat sig främja hälsa och minska risken för högt blodtryck, stroke, hjärt-kärlsjukdom, depression samt minska risken att insjukna, återinsjukna och förbättra återhämtningen från cytostatikabehandling vid bröst- eller coloncancer. Sambandet mellan psykisk sjukdom och fysisk aktivitet är mindre utforskat jämfört med sambandet mellan till exempel fysisk aktivitet och cancer.

 

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att utforska hälsoeffekter av fysisk aktivitet hos människor med bipolärt syndrom.

 

Metod: Litteraturstudie baserad på nio inkluderade studier. Studier har sökts fram från databaserna PubMed och CINAHL.

 

Resultat: Fysisk aktivitet har goda hälsoeffekter som kan främja hälsan och parera sekundära effekter och sjukdomar som kan kopplas samman med bipolärt syndrom. Fysisk aktivitet bidra till en minskad stressnivå, minskad risk för diabetes typ 2 och hjärt-kärlsjukdomar. Fysisk aktivitet minskar också risken för samsjuklighet och lindrar bieffekter av psykofarmaka så som till exempel viktuppgång. Bipolärt syndrom kan medföra att träningsfrekvensen och träningsintensiteten variera beroende på sinnesstämning. Depressiva perioder karaktäriseras med minskad träningsfrekvens och intensitet medan maniska perioder kan ha ökad träningsfrekvens och intensitet.

 

Slutsats: Fysisk aktivitet och dess positiva hälsoeffekter kan på sikt minska risken för samsjuklighet och sekundära sjukdomstillstånd vid bipolärt syndrom. Motivering och implementering av fysisk aktivitet kan förbättra omvårdnaden och behandlingsalternativen hos personer med bipolärt syndrom.

Abstract [en]

Background: Physical activity has through modern research been shown to benefit the physical health for people and in turn reduce the risk for high blood pressure, reduce the risk to suffer from a stroke, cardiovascular disease and depression together with reducing the risk to be diagnosed with, reduce relapse risk and to improve the rate of recovery after chemotherapy from cancers such as breast or colon cancer. The relation between mental health and physical activity is less scientifically explored than similar areas of research such as the relation between physical activity and cancer.

 

Aim: The aim of this systematic review is to explore the beneficial effects physical activity might bring to people with bipolar disorder

 

Method: A systematic review including nine quantitative studies has been performed. The articles have been found through databases such as PubMed and CINAHL.

 

Results: Physical activity has been found to give health benefits for the conditions bipolar disorder might bring. Through physical activity the levels of stress are reduced, the risk for diabetes type 2 and cardiovascular disease are reduced. Physical activity also reduces the risk for comorbidity and will lessen the side effects psychotropic drugs bring such as weight gain. Bipolar disorder can reduce the ability to perform physical exercise depending on the current mood state. A depressive episode tends to cause in less physical activity, while a manic episode instead can cause increased physical activity and exercise intensity.

 

Conclusion: Physical activity and its positive health benefits can in the long run reduce the risk of comorbidity and secondary illnesses bipolar disorder might bring. With motivation and implementation of physical activity, the nursing care might improve and new alternative treatments for persons with bipolar disorder may arise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Bipolar disorder, Physical activity, Exercise, Nursing care
Keyword [sv]
Bipolärt syndrom, fysisk aktivitet, behandling, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-272703OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-272703DiVA: diva2:894646
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-18 Created: 2016-01-15 Last updated: 2016-01-18Bibliographically approved

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