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Dorsal root injury for the study of spinal cord injury repair
(Neuroanatomi)
(Neuroanatomi)
2012 (English)In: Animal models of spinal cord repair, New York Heidelberg Dordrecht London: Humana Press, 2012, p. 109-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Dorsal root injury provides opportunities for highly reproducible lesions and for detailed anatomical, physiological and behavioral outcome assessment with high precision and validity. Dorsal root injury models are used to several aspects of relevance to spinal cord injury repair: i) mechanisms of regeneration failure in the central nervous system and how to overcome it, ii) axon degeneration, as well as myelin degradation and elimination in the central nervous system - their roles and possible manipulations in spinal cord repair, iii) consequences in the spinal cord of mimicking human plexus injuries by dorsal root avulsion, including its effect on neuron survival, inflammatory processes and vascular dysfunction, and iv) therapeutic strategies which may be translated to the treatment of clinical plexus avulsion injuries. This chapter describes various dorsal root injury models, their relationship to basic and translational aspects of spinal cord injury repair, as well as basic experimental procedures associated with these models in rat and mouse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York Heidelberg Dordrecht London: Humana Press, 2012. p. 109-129
Series
Springer Protocols Neuromethods, ISSN 0893-2336 ; 76
Keyword [en]
Spinal cord injury, Dorsal root transitional zone; Nerve degeneration, Nerve Regeneration, Astroglia, Microglia, Transplantation
National Category
Neurosciences
Research subject
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274235DOI: 10.1007/978-1-62702-197-4ISBN: 978-1-62703-196-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-274235DiVA, id: diva2:896119
Available from: 2016-01-20 Created: 2016-01-20 Last updated: 2018-01-10

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