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An analysis of current global pharmacy workforce: 2013-2015
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Pharmacists are in many countries the health professionals that are most accessible to the public. They play a pivotal role in healthcare systems and are largely responsible for the manufacture, dispensing, regulation, and registration of medicines. In order to ensure access to and appropriate use of medicines it is crucial that countries have a competent and well-staffed pharmacy workforce. Recent studies have revealed that this is not the case, therefore it is essential to continue monitoring and analysing workforce.  

Aim: The aim of this paper is to focus on the challenges facing the global pharmacy workforce and to identify shortages in different regions with the objective of the review being to collect data, analyse correlations, and report the current status of workforce.  

Materials and Methods: A systematic review of web-based literature with a focus on the existing pharmacy workforce was conducted. Different governmental and non-governmental organization (NGO) websites were used to gather information on current workforce statistics. The numerical workforce data was compared using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: Pharmacist workforce densities vary considerably between different countries and WHO regions and generally correlate with country level economic indicators as well as pharmacy densities. Most countries had higher pharmacist densities in comparison to pharmacies with a few exceptions. Female pharmacists constitute a majority of the current pharmacy workforce analysed in this review.

Conclusions: This review contributes to the understanding of the current global pharmacy workforce. By reporting shortages in pharmacist densities it is then possible to initiate human resource planning with the intention of strengthening workforce numbers thereby increasing access to safe, effective, and quality medicines to the world population

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Workforce, pharmacy, global, 2015, FIP, analysis, world, pharmacists
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274397OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-274397DiVA: diva2:896428
External cooperation
International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) collaboration
Subject / course
Pharmaceutical Biosciences
Educational program
Master of Science Programme in Pharmacy
Available from: 2016-01-21 Created: 2016-01-21 Last updated: 2016-01-21Bibliographically approved

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