Guided bone regeneration using resorbable membrane and different bone substitutes: Early histological and molecular events
2016 (English)In: Acta Biomaterialia, ISSN 1742-7061, E-ISSN 1878-7568, Vol. 29, 409-423 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Bone insufficiency remains a major challenge for bone-anchored implants. The combination of guided bone regeneration (GBR) and bone augmentation is an established procedure to restore the bone. However, a proper understanding of the interactions between the bone substitute and GBR membrane materials and the bone-healing environment is lacking. This study aimed to investigate the early events of bone healing and the cellular activities in response to a combination of GBR membrane and different calcium phosphate (CaP) materials. Defects were created in the trabecular region of rat femurs, and filled with deproteinized bovine bone (DBB), hydroxyapatite (HA) or strontium-doped HA (SrHA) or left empty (sham). All the defects were covered with an extracellular matrix membrane. Defects were harvested after 12 h, 3 d and 6 d for histology/histomorphometry, immunohistochemistry and gene expression analyses. Histology revealed new bone, at 6 d, in all the defects. Larger amount of bone was observed in the SrHA-filled defect. This was in parallel with the reduced expression of osteoclastic genes (CR and CatK) and the osteoblast-osteoclast coupling gene (RANKL) in the SrHA defects. Immunohistochemistry indicated fewer osteoclasts in the SrHA defects. The observations of CD68 and periostin-expressing cells in the membrane per se indicated that the membrane may contribute to the healing process in the defect. It is concluded that the bone-promoting effects of Sr in vivo are mediated by a reduction in catabolic and osteoblast-osteoclast coupling processes. The combination of a bioactive membrane and CaP bone substitute material doped with Sr may produce early synergistic effects during GBR. Statement of significance The study provides novel molecular, cellular and structural evidence on the promotion of early bone regeneration in response to synthetic strontium-containing hydroxyapatite (SrHA) substitute, in combination with a resorbable, guided bone regeneration (GBR) membrane. The prevailing view, based mainly upon in vitro data, is that the beneficial effects of Sr are exerted by the stimulation of bone-forming cells (osteoblasts) and the inhibition of bone-resorbing cells (osteoclasts). In contrast, the present study demonstrates that the local effect of Sr in vivo is predominantly via the inhibition of osteoclast number and activity and the reduction of osteoblast-osteoclast coupling. This experimental data will form the basis for clinical studies, using this material as an interesting bone substitute for guided bone regeneration.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 29, 409-423 p.
Guided bone regeneration, Membrane, Bone substitute, Strontium, Gene expression
Biomaterials Science Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274902DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2015.10.005ISI: 000367490000038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-274902DiVA: diva2:899864
FunderSwedish Research Council, K2015-52X-09495-28-4