DNA methylation of lipid-related genes affects blood lipid levels
2015 (English)In: Circ Cardiovasc Genet, Vol. 8, no 2, 334-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Epigenetic mechanisms might be involved in the regulation of interindividual lipid level variability and thus may contribute to the cardiovascular risk profile. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between genome-wide DNA methylation and blood lipid levels high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and total cholesterol. Observed DNA methylation changes were also further analyzed to examine their relationship with previous hospitalized myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Genome-wide DNA methylation patterns were determined in whole blood samples of 1776 subjects of the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg F4 cohort using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip (Illumina). Ten novel lipid-related CpG sites annotated to various genes including ABCG1, MIR33B/SREBF1, and TNIP1 were identified. CpG cg06500161, located in ABCG1, was associated in opposite directions with both high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (beta coefficient=-0.049; P=8.26E-17) and triglyceride levels (beta=0.070; P=1.21E-27). Eight associations were confirmed by replication in the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg F3 study (n=499) and in the Invecchiare in Chianti, Aging in the Chianti Area study (n=472). Associations between triglyceride levels and SREBF1 and ABCG1 were also found in adipose tissue of the Multiple Tissue Human Expression Resource cohort (n=634). Expression analysis revealed an association between ABCG1 methylation and lipid levels that might be partly mediated by ABCG1 expression. DNA methylation of ABCG1 might also play a role in previous hospitalized myocardial infarction (odds ratio, 1.15; 95% confidence interval=1.06-1.25). CONCLUSIONS: Epigenetic modifications of the newly identified loci might regulate disturbed blood lipid levels and thus contribute to the development of complex lipid-related diseases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 8, no 2, 334-42 p.
*ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/biosynthesis/genetics, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, DNA Methylation/*genetics, *Epigenesis, Genetic, Female, Genetic Loci, Germany, Humans, Lipids/*blood, Male, Middle Aged, *Myocardial Infarction/blood/genetics, *Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1/biosynthesis/genetics
Medical and Health Sciences Biological Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-275635ISBN: 1942-3268 (Electronic) 1942-3268 (Linking)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-275635DiVA: diva2:900633
Pfeiffer, Liliane Wahl, Simone Pilling, Luke C Reischl, Eva Sandling, Johanna K Kunze, Sonja Holdt, Lesca M Kretschmer, Anja Schramm, Katharina Adamski, Jerzy Klopp, Norman Illig, Thomas Hedman, Asa K Roden, Michael Hernandez, Dena G Singleton, Andrew B Thasler, Wolfgang E Grallert, Harald Gieger, Christian Herder, Christian Teupser, Daniel Meisinger, Christa Spector, Timothy D Kronenberg, Florian Prokisch, Holger Melzer, David Peters, Annette Deloukas, Panos Ferrucci, Luigi Waldenberger, Melanie 081917/Z/07/Z/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom Clinical Trial Multicenter Study Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States Circulation. Cardiovascular genetics Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2015 Apr;8(2):334-42. doi: 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.114.000804. Epub 2015 Jan 12.2016-02-042016-02-042016-02-04