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Attention to Faces Expressing Negative Emotion at 7 Months Predicts Attachment Security at 14 Months
University of Tampere.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0208-4212
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2015 (English)In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 86, no 5, 1321-1332 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To investigate potential infant-related antecedents characterizing later attachment security, this study tested whether attention to facial expressions, assessed with an eye-tracking paradigm at 7 months of age (N = 73), predicted infant-mother attachment in the Strange Situation Procedure at 14 months. Attention to fearful faces at 7 months predicted attachment security, with a smaller attentional bias to fearful expressions associated with insecure attachment. Attachment disorganization in particular was linked to an absence of the age-typical attentional bias to fear. These data provide the first evidence linking infants' attentional bias to negative facial expressions with attachment formation and suggest reduced sensitivity to facial expressions of negative emotion as a testable trait that could link attachment disorganization with later behavioral outcomes.

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2015. Vol. 86, no 5, 1321-1332 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-275903DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12380PubMedID: 26011101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-275903DiVA: diva2:901641
Available from: 2016-02-08 Created: 2016-02-08 Last updated: 2016-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Forssman, Linda
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