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Allergic Respiratory Inflammation and Remodeling
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory Medicine and Allergology. Univ Sulaimani, Dept Microbiol Immunol, Sch Med, Fac Med Sci, Sulaimani, Iraq.
2015 (English)In: Turkish Thoracic Journal, ISSN 1302-7808, Vol. 16, no 3, 133-140 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Asthma and rhinitis are inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract. Respiratory inflammation of the adaptive and innate immune system is the focus of this review, and chronic inflammation is not limited to the respiratory tissue. The inflammatory response, which consists of phagocytes, eosinophils, mast cells, and lymphocytes, spreads along the respiratory tract, leading to tissue damage. Mast cells and eosinophils are commonly recognized for their detrimental role in allergic reactions on activation through the high- and low-affinity receptors for IgE FcεRI. These cells rapidly produce and secrete many of the mediators responsible for the typical symptoms of asthma and rhinitis. However, increasing amount of evidence demonstrate that mast cells and leukocytes have vital roles in host defense against pathogenesis. Histological methods are used to study leukocytes and receptor expression pattern in different respiratory tract compartments.

The overall aim of this review was to understand the relationship between upper and lower respiratory tract inflammation and remodeling in patients with allergic and non-allergic asthma and rhinitis. In conclusion, this review discusses the relationship between the upper and lower airway in respiratory disease and focuses on the effect of respiratory processes on laryngeal inflammation, remodeling, function, and symptoms; however, they also have a central role in the initiation of the allergic immune response. Our findings suggest that there are differences that contribute to the development of immunopathological mechanisms of these clinically distinct forms of asthma, rhinitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 16, no 3, 133-140 p.
Keyword [en]
Respiratory tract, inflammatory cells, remodeling, allergy, asthma, rhinitis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-276321DOI: 10.5152/ttd.2015.4942ISI: 000370845000006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-276321DiVA: diva2:902458
Available from: 2016-02-11 Created: 2016-02-11 Last updated: 2016-04-21Bibliographically approved

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