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Alcohol abuse in Russian delinquent adolescents. Associations with comorbid psychopathology, personality and parenting.
Yale Child Study Center.
2005 (English)In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 14, no 5, 254-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Adolescent delinquency and alcohol abuse have become a growing concern in Russia. Psychopathology, a dysfunctional family and specific personality factors have all been linked to addictive and antisocial behavior. Since delinquent youth represent a specific risk group, where alcohol misuse tends to be more pronounced than in the general population, the objectives of this study were: 1) to compare differences in personality and parenting factors, and in psychopathology in juvenile delinquents with and without alcohol abuse; and 2) to evaluate the associations between alcohol abuse, personality and parenting factors, after controlling for comorbid psychopathology.

METHODS: Psychopathology, including alcohol abuse, was assessed by means of a psychiatric interview in 229 Russian incarcerated male juvenile delinquents. In addition, alcohol use, personality, and parenting factors were assessed by self-reports.

RESULTS: Alcohol-abusing delinquents (n=138) scored significantly higher on novelty seeking and maternal emotional warmth and reported higher levels of psychopathology, as compared to nonalcohol-abusing delinquents (n=91). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that personality and parenting factors were significantly related to alcohol abuse, even after controlling for comorbid psychopathology.

CONCLUSION: Alcohol-abusing delinquents are at risk for a wide spectrum of psychiatric disorders. Alcohol abuse is associated with personality and parenting factors independently of comorbid psychopathology. Early interventions with high-risk youths may help to reduce their psychiatric problems and alcohol abuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 14, no 5, 254-61 p.
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263323DOI: 10.1007/s00787-005-0463-xPubMedID: 15981137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-263323DiVA: diva2:903860
Available from: 2016-02-17 Created: 2015-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30

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Ruchkin, Vladislav V

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