uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Violence exposure and substance use in adolescents: findings from three countries.
Show others and affiliations
2003 (English)In: Pediatrics, ISSN 1098-4275, Vol. 111, no 3, 535-40 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between exposure to community violence (witnessing and victimization) and reported substance use (cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, and hard drugs) in a cross-national sample of adolescents, after controlling for the level of the adolescents' own violent behavior.

METHOD: A self-report survey was conducted in 3380 14- to 17-year-old adolescents in urban communities of 3 different countries: Antwerp, Belgium (N = 958); Arkangelsk, Russia (N = 1036); and New Haven, Connecticut (N = 1386).

RESULTS: In all 3 countries, levels of reported smoking, alcohol use, marijuana use, and hard drug use showed increases with adolescent exposure to violence. Although positively related, substance use was increased less markedly in US adolescents who witnessed violence.

CONCLUSION: Current findings further emphasize the association between violence exposure and potential severe physical and psychosocial health problems in adolescents. In addition, the findings suggest that violence exposure and its consequences are a worldwide urban phenomenon. Cross-national differences were found, however, that warrant additional research, and prospective studies are needed to investigate the pathways from violence exposure to substance abuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 111, no 3, 535-40 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263336PubMedID: 12612233OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-263336DiVA: diva2:903861
Available from: 2016-02-17 Created: 2015-09-30 Last updated: 2016-02-17

Open Access in DiVA

No full text


Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ruchkin, Vladislav

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 114 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link