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Juvenile male rape victims: is the level of post-traumatic stress related to personality and parenting?
1998 (English)In: International Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, ISSN 0145-2134, E-ISSN 1873-7757, Vol. 22, no 9, 889-99 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the level of post-traumatic stress in juvenile male rape victims and to test for its relationships with perceived parental rearing and personality dimensions.

METHOD: Fifteen subjects (mean age of 16 years) were recruited from a correctional camp for juvenile criminals in Arkhangelsk, Russia. They were investigated by means of the "Revised Impact of Event Scale," the "Child Self-Report Post-Traumatic Stress Reaction Index," the "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale," the "EMBU" (perceived parental rearing) and the "Temperament and Character Inventory" (TCI).

RESULTS: The level of post-traumatic stress, in most cases moderate to high, correlated with the temperament dimensions of harm avoidance and reward dependence. As concerns parental rearing, the total level of post-traumatic stress reaction was negatively correlated with paternal emotional warmth and positively with paternal rejection.

CONCLUSIONS: The experience of post-traumatic stress is influenced by temperamental characteristics as well as by perceived parental rearing practices. Assumingly, these factors also play a role in becoming a rape victim, which deserves further investigation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 22, no 9, 889-99 p.
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263350PubMedID: 9777259OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-263350DiVA: diva2:903874
Available from: 2016-02-17 Created: 2015-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30

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Ruchkin, V V

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