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Scientific problems addressed by the Spektr-UV space project (world space Observatory-Ultraviolet)
Russian Acad Sci, Inst Astron, Ul Pyatnitskaya 48, Moscow 119017, Russia..
Russian Acad Sci, Inst Astron, Ul Pyatnitskaya 48, Moscow 119017, Russia..
Russian Acad Sci, Inst Astron, Ul Pyatnitskaya 48, Moscow 119017, Russia..
Russian Acad Sci, Inst Astron, Ul Pyatnitskaya 48, Moscow 119017, Russia..
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2016 (English)In: Astronomy reports (Print), ISSN 1063-7729, E-ISSN 1562-6881, Vol. 60, no 1, 1-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

The article presents a review of scientific problems and methods of ultraviolet astronomy, focusing on perspective scientific problems (directions) whose solution requires UV space observatories. These include reionization and the history of star formation in the Universe, searches for dark baryonic matter, physical and chemical processes in the interstellar medium and protoplanetary disks, the physics of accretion and outflows in astrophysical objects, from Active Galactic Nuclei to close binary stars, stellar activity (for both low-mass and high-mass stars), and processes occurring in the atmospheres of both planets in the solar system and exoplanets. Technological progress in UV astronomy achieved in recent years is also considered. The well advanced, international, Russian-led Spektr-UV (World Space Observatory-Ultraviolet) project is described in more detail. This project is directed at creating a major space observatory operational in the ultraviolet (115-310 nm). This observatory will provide an effective, and possibly the only, powerful means of observing in this spectral range over the next ten years, and will be an powerful tool for resolving many topical scientific problems.

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2016. Vol. 60, no 1, 1-42 p.
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Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-277797DOI: 10.1134/S1063772916010017ISI: 000368685900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-277797DiVA: diva2:905761
Available from: 2016-02-23 Created: 2016-02-23 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Piskunov, Nikolai

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