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Exposure to different lengths of sick leave and subsequent work absence among young adults
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular epidemiology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
2016 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 16, 51Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Background: Sweden has a public and easily accessible sickness insurance. Research shows, however, downsides to taking sick leave. Both short and longer periods of sick leave have been seen to increase the risk for subsequent work absence. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there was an association between sick leave claimed in 1993 and work absence in the subsequent 15 years, i.e. up to 2008. A further aim was to explore differences in this relation with regard to gender, origin and educational level at baseline. Methods: Our cohort consisted of all immigrants aged 21-25 years in Sweden in 1993 and a control group of native Swedes in the same age group. Results: Subsequent work absence increased from 313 days among persons with no days of claimed sick leave in 1993 to 567 days among persons with 1-7 days of claimed sick leave in 1993. Thereafter there was a lower, but steady increase in days of future work absence, to 611 days among persons with 8-14 days of sick leave claimed in 1993. There was an interaction between sick leave and gender, education and origin respectively regarding later work absence. Conclusion: Periods of sick leave claimed were associated with subsequent work absence. Immigrants, women and persons with low education had the most risk of future work absence after a period of sick leave.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 16, 51
Keyword [en]
Sick leave, Unemployment, Disability pension, Immigrants, Social insurance, Work absence
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-277790DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-2679-0ISI: 000368396500001PubMedID: 26792668OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-277790DiVA: diva2:905786
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2016-02-23 Created: 2016-02-23 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Helgesson, MagnusJohansson, BoWernroth, Mona-LisaVingård, Eva

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