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Genomic Evidence Establishes Anatolia as the Source of the European Neolithic Gene Pool
Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Lilla Frescativagen 7, S-11418 Stockholm, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology. La Trobe Univ, Dept Archaeol Environm & Community Planning, Melbourne, Vic 3086, Australia..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology. Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Breeding & Genet, Ullsvag 26, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
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2016 (English)In: Current Biology, ISSN 0960-9822, E-ISSN 1879-0445, Vol. 26, no 2, 270-275 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Anatolia and the Near East have long been recognized as the epicenter of the Neolithic expansion through archaeological evidence. Recent archaeogenetic studies on Neolithic European human remains have shown that the Neolithic expansion in Europe was driven westward and northward by migration from a supposed Near Eastern origin [1-5]. However, this expansion and the establishment of numerous culture complexes in the Aegean and Balkans did not occur until 8,500 before present (BP), over 2,000 years after the initial settlements in the Neolithic core area [6-9]. We present ancient genome-wide sequence data from 6,700-year-old human remains excavated from a Neolithic context in Kumtepe, located in northwestern Anatolia near the well-known (and younger) site Troy [10]. Kumtepe is one of the settlements that emerged around 7,000 BP, after the initial expansion wave brought Neolithic practices to Europe. We show that this individual displays genetic similarities to the early European Neolithic gene pool and modern-day Sardinians, as well as a genetic affinity to modern-day populations from the Near East and the Caucasus. Furthermore, modern-day Anatolians carry signatures of several admixture events from different populations that have diluted this early Neolithic farmer component, explaining why modern-day Sardinian populations, instead of modern-day Anatolian populations, are genetically more similar to the people that drove the Neolithic expansion into Europe. Anatolia's central geographic location appears to have served as a connecting point, allowing a complex contact network with other areas of the Near East and Europe throughout, and after, the Neolithic.

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2016. Vol. 26, no 2, 270-275 p.
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Evolutionary Biology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-278008DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.12.019ISI: 000368972300032PubMedID: 26748850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-278008DiVA: diva2:906051
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2013-1905Wenner-Gren FoundationsEU, European Research Council, 311413Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), b2013236Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), b2013240
Available from: 2016-02-23 Created: 2016-02-23 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Günther, TorstenValdiosera, CristinaSvensson, Emma M.Malmström, Helena JankovicJakobsson, Mattias

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