Differential trophic traits between invasive and native anuran tadpoles
2015 (English)In: Aquatic Invasions, ISSN 1798-6540, E-ISSN 1818-5487, Vol. 10, no 4, 475-484 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
How trophic resources are managed is a key factor in our understanding of the success of invasive species. In amphibians that usually occupy ephemeral ponds, the capacity to acquire resources and food selection are especially important because as a pond dries, the larval density increases and food resources are limited. Abundant and high-quality food can increase the final size and reduce the duration of development of amphibians. The aim of this work was to assess the trophic traits of tadpoles of the invasive (originally North African) anuran Discoglossus pictus compared to those of native European Epidalea calamita tadpoles under laboratory conditions. Food of two different levels of quality was supplied, and the feeding activity and food preference of the two species were analysed alone and in co-occurrence. D. pictus was capable of modifying its behaviour and food preferences; while E. calamita displayed much milder differences between treatments. Both alone and in co-occurrence with the native species, the invasive tadpoles obtained higher feeding activity values and showed a stronger preference for high-quality food. Additionally, when high densities of the two species shared food resources, the feeding activity results indicated potential displacement of the native tadpoles to low-quality resources. D. pictus thus presents trophic traits that are favourable for invasion and could limit the fitness of E. calamita when resources are limited or there is a risk of pond desiccation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 10, no 4, 475-484 p.
diet quality, feeding activity, food preference, Discoglossus pictus, invasiveness, anuran tadpoles
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-277913DOI: 10.3391/ai.2015.10.4.10ISI: 000368533800010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-277913DiVA: diva2:906089