Moral Philosophy and Roman Rhetoric in Neo-Latin war writings from early modern Sweden
2013 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
War was a natural state of affairs in Early Modern Europe and discussions of justum bellum and requirements for the justified use of armed force have occupied many early modern thinkers’ minds. The radical change was to come after the Thirty Years' war. The conception of just war for religion was now rejected. Natural Law was now to replace the old way of thinking. Hugo Grotius and Samuel von Pufendorf, two of the benchmark figures in this new development, had both tight connections to Sweden. Their theories have influenced many Early Modern Swedish scholars and thinkers. War pamphlets, orations and academic treatises written in Sweden at the end of the 17th century and many decades onwards bear strong witness to this. At the same time the Swedish writers on ethics and moral issues in warfare show their clear adherence to the Roman authorities. Many examples and also rhetorical colouring of the language in their texts are borrowed from the ancients.
In the present paper, I will make an attempt to illustrate this by case studies of two Latin war pamphlets from the Great Northern War. Written in 1700 by the Swedish official Olof Hermelin, they are harsh accusations of the Saxon Elector August II and the Russian Tsar Peter of conducting a bellum injustum.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Moral Philosophy, rhetoric, early modern Sweden
Research subject Latin
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-279993OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-279993DiVA: diva2:909395
U4 Winter School, Palermo, 5-10 March 2013 “Meeting People(s) in Peace and War”
The conference was organized as part of the so-called U4 Network (Uppsala, Ghent, Göttingen & Groningen) and sponsored by Uppsala University.2016-03-062016-03-062016-03-06