Development of a Whole-Body Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Model for Colistin and Colistin methanesulfonate (CMS) in Rat
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Colistin is a polymyxin antibiotic which is used to treat patients infected with multidrug resistant Gram negative bacteria (MDR-GNB). The objective of this work was to develop a whole-body physiologically based pharmacokinetic (WBPBPK) model in rat for colistin and its prodrug, CMS. The Kp prior values of colisin and CMS used in the WBPBPK model were either measured ex vivo in rat tissue homogenates or calculated using an in silico model. The PK parameters were estimated fitting plasma concentrations from rats receiving an i.v. bolus of CMS. In the WBPBPK model, the tissue distribution was assumed to be well-stirred and perfusion-limited. Three scenarios were investigated: estimating the Kp values using in silico Kp prior values (I), estimating the Kp values using the Kp prior values from ex vivo experiments (II) and fixing the Kp values to the experimental ex vivo Kp values (III). The WBPBPK model well described CMS and colistin plasma concentration-time profiles. Colistin Kp values in kidneys were higher than in the other tissues. The predicted concentrations in tissue were highest for kidneys and brain which might be due to a high affinity for these tissues and/or active transport processes that remain poorly elucidated. The clearance estimates of CMS and colistin were in agreement with previously reported values in the literature. The model developed in this study might be a valuable tool in drug development to understand the disposition of colistin or new polymyxin candidates as well as to guide for optimal dosing regimens.
colistin, CMS, WBPBPK model, tissue distribution, PBPK
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-279996OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-279996DiVA: diva2:909412