Hydroxyapatite coating improves fixation of pedicle screws: A clinical study
2002 (English)In: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, ISSN 0301-620X, Vol. 84, no 3, 387-91 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigated the effects of hydroxyapatite (HA) coating on the purchase of pedicle screws. A total of 23 consecutive patients undergoing lumbar fusion was randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. The first received uncoated stainless-steel screws, the second screws which were partly coated with HA, and the third screws which were fully coated. The insertion torque was recorded. After 11 to 16 months, 21 screws had been extracted. The extraction torque was recorded. Radiographs were taken to assess fusion and to detect loosening of the screws. At removal, the extraction torques exceeded the upper limit of the torque wrench (600 Ncm) for many HA-coated screws. The calculated mean extraction torque was 29 +/- 36 Ncm for the uncoated group, 447 +/- 114 Ncm for the partly-coated group and 574 +/- 52 Ncm for the fully-coated group. There were significant differences between all three groups (p < 0.001). There were more radiolucent zones surrounding the uncoated screws than the HA-coated screws (p < 0.001). HA coating of pedicle screws resulted in improved fixation with reduced risk of loosening of the screws.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 84, no 3, 387-91 p.
Research subject Orthopaedics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-63165PubMedID: 12002498OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-63165DiVA: diva2:91076