Improved bone-screw interface with hydroxyapatite coating: an in vivo study of loaded pedicle screws in sheep
2001 (English)In: Spine, ISSN 0362-2436, Vol. 26, no 24, 2673-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
STUDY DESIGN: An in vivo sheep model with loaded pedicle screws was used, wherein each animal served as its own control. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of hydroxyapatite (HA) coating on the bone-to-implant interface in loaded spinal instrumentations. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal instrumentation improves the healing rate in spinal fusion, but screw loosening constitutes a problem. HA coating of other implants has resulted in favorable effects on the bone-to-implant interface. METHODS: Nine sheep were operated on with destabilizing laminectomies at two levels: L2-L3 and L4-L5. Each level was stabilized separately with a four-screw instrumentation. Uncoated screws (stainless steel) or the same type of screws coated with plasma-sprayed HA were used in either the upper or the lower instrumentation in a randomized fashion. The animals were killed at 6 or 12 weeks after surgery. The specimens were embedded in resin, ground to approximately 10 microm, and stained with toluidine blue. Histomorphometric evaluation was carried out in a Leitz Aristoplan (Wetzlar, Germany) light microscope equipped with a Leitz Microvid unit. RESULTS: The average percentage of bone-to-implant contact after 6 weeks was 69 +/- 10 for the HA-coated screws and 18 +/- 11 for the uncoated screws (P < 0.03), and after 12 weeks 64 +/- 31 (HA-coated) and 9 +/- 13 (uncoated, P < 0.02). The average bone volume in the area close to the screw was significantly higher for the HA-coated screws at both 6 and 12 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: HA coating improved the bone-to-implant interface significantly, indicating that HA coating can become useful for improving the purchase of pedicle screws.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 26, no 24, 2673-8 p.
hydroxyapatite, pedicle screw, histomorphometry, interface, bone response
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-63166PubMedID: 11740353OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-63166DiVA: diva2:91077