uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Prior participation in the strange situation and overstress jointly facilitate disorganized behaviours: implications for theory, research and practice
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Attachment & Human Development, ISSN 1461-6734, E-ISSN 1469-2988, Vol. 18, no 3, 235-249 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We seek to understand why a relatively high percentage (39%; vs the meta-analytic average, 15-18%) of disorganized/disoriented (D) classifications has accrued in the low-risk Uppsala Longitudinal Study (ULS) study, using experienced D coders. Prior research indicates that D behaviours do not always indicate attachment disorganization stemming from a history of frightening caregiving. We examined the role of two other presumed factors: participation in a previous strange situation and overstress. Our findings indicate that both factors were highly prevalent in the ULS sample and that they jointly predicted higher rates of D. First, participation in a previous strange situation was associated with significantly higher distress displays during the second visit than occurred among previously untested children, suggesting that prior participation in the strange situation had a sensitizing effect on child distress during the second visit. Second, unless separations were cut short in lieu of high distress during the second visit, re-tested children were disproportionately likely (ca 60%) to be classified D. We argue that these findings have important implications for theory, research, and practice. In particular, we conclude that practitioners must refrain from misattributing the appearance of any D behaviors observed to a history of maltreatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 18, no 3, 235-249 p.
Keyword [en]
strange situation; equifinality; measurement; disorganized/disoriented; Attachment
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280482DOI: 10.1080/14616734.2016.1151061ISI: 000372197400002PubMedID: 26982875OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-280482DiVA: diva2:910957
Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2016-04-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Fransson, MariHagekull, BeritBohlin, Gunilla
By organisation
Department of Psychology
In the same journal
Attachment & Human Development

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 15 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link