uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Toward a Mechanistic Understanding of Linguistic Diversity
Show others and affiliations
2013 (English)In: BioScience, ISSN 0006-3568, 1525-3244, Vol. 63, no 7, 524-535 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

Our species displays remarkable linguistic diversity. Although the uneven distribution of this diversity demands explanation, the drivers of these patterns have not been conclusively determined. We address this issue in two steps: First, we review previous empirical studies whose authors have suggested environmental, geographical, and sociocultural drivers of linguistic diversification. However, contradictory results and methodological variation make it difficult to draw general conclusions. Second, we outline a program for future research. We suggest that future analyses should account for interactions among causal factors, the lack of spatial and phylogenetic independence of the data, and transitory patterns. Recent analytical advances in biogeography and evolutionary biology, such as simulation modeling of diversity patterns, hold promise for testing four key mechanisms of language diversification proposed here: neutral change, population movement, contact, and selection. Future modeling approaches should also evaluate how the outcomes of these processes are influenced by demography, environmental heterogeneity, and time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 63, no 7, 524-535 p.
Keyword [en]
biogeography and ecology, geographic patterns, Languages, Linguistic diversity, research methods
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280551DOI: 10.1525/bio.2013.63.7.6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-280551DiVA: diva2:911279
Available from: 2016-03-11 Created: 2016-03-11 Last updated: 2016-04-07

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full texthttp://bioscience.oxfordjournals.org/content/63/7/524Electronic full text

Authority records BETA

Dunn, Michael

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Dunn, Michael
By organisation
Department of Linguistics and Philology
General Language Studies and Linguistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 219 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf