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‘Steady-as-she-goes’ or by ‘fits and starts’: On the pivotal effect of executive expectation in the firm’s internationalization process
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.ORCID iD: 55648965800
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
2016 (English)Other (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to enhance our knowledge on how executive expectation affect the firm’s internationalisation process, namely, by offering explanations to sudden major investments/ divestments that deviate the process from commonly presumed incrementality. The theoretical view developed in this study is founded upon Johanson and Vahlne’s (1977) internationalisation process model and complemented with the concept of executive expectation. Through a longitudinal comparative case study, enriched with archival data and interviews, this paper emphasises the dynamics of the firm’s internationalisation process. This aids to provide some answers on how changes in the composition of executives, such as the replacement of key personnel, can drive the firm’s internationalisation process into a different path when succeeding executives do not share similar expectations to their predecessors.

Place, publisher, year, pages
2016.
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280610OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-280610DiVA: diva2:911411
Available from: 2016-03-11 Created: 2016-03-11 Last updated: 2016-09-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Executive expectation in the internationalization process of banks: The study of two Swedish banks foreign activities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Executive expectation in the internationalization process of banks: The study of two Swedish banks foreign activities
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Since the late 1980s, deregulation of the banking sector has opened new avenues for the internationalization of banks. There are, however, few studies on the internationalization of banks – particularly Swedish banks. The purpose of this thesis is to deepen our knowledge of bank’s internationalization process by studying how the executive function’s expectation of market conditions influences internationalization patterns. This thesis makes an empirical contribution by describing how the Swedish banks Svenska Handelsbanken AB and Swedbank AB have internationalized during the period 1995-2014. The empirical evidence comprises all of the two banks’ activities in foreign markets and the qualitative cases describing this process have been constructed using archival data (newspaper articles, press releases, and reports) complemented with interviews.

Beside the empirical contribution the thesis makes a theoretical contribution to internationalization theory and more specifically to Johanson and Vahlne’s (1977) internationalization process model. While Johanson and Vahlne’s model does have a strong explanatory value, it does not fully explain its mechanisms (Andersen, 1993; Leonidou & Katsikeas, 1996) and only firm’s internationalizing incrementally (Liesch et al., 2002). For explanation of both incremental and non-incremental behaviors this thesis provides a proposed view of bank’s internationalization where the concept of executive expectation is developed as a mediating variable in Johanson and Vahlne’s internationalization process model. To this end, executive expectation is described as the driving and hindering force in bank’s internationalization process influenced by exogenous and endogenous changes. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Företagsekonomiska institutionen, 2016. 107 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis / Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet, ISSN 1103-8454 ; 177
Keyword
expectation, executive, internationalization, banks, knowledge, commitment
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280666 (URN)978-91-506-2536-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-04, Hörsal 2, Ekonomikum, Kyrkogårdsgatan 10, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2016-04-11 Created: 2016-03-14 Last updated: 2016-04-11

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Hadjikhani, AnnochThilenius, Peter

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