The structure and stratigraphy of the sedimentary succession in the Swedish sector of the Baltic Basin: new insights from vintage 2D marine seismic data
2016 (English)In: Tectonophysics, ISSN 0040-1951, E-ISSN 1879-3266, Vol. 676, 90-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We present five interpreted regional seismic profiles, describing the full sedimentary sequence across the Swedish sector of the Baltic Sea. The data for the study are part of an extensive and largely unpublished 2D seismic dataset acquired between 1970 and 1990 by the Swedish Oil Prospecting Company (OPAB). The Baltic Basin is an intracratonic basin located in northern Europe. Most of the Swedish sector of the basin constitutes the NW flank of a broad synclinal depression, the Baltic Basin. In the SW of the Swedish sector lies the Hand Bay Basin, formed by subsidence associated with inversion of the Tornquist Zone during the Late Cretaceous. The geological history presented here is broadly consistent with previously published works. We observe an area between the Hand Bay and the Baltic Basin where the Palaeozoic strata has been affected by transpression and subsequent inversion, associated with the Tornquist Zone during the late Carboniferous-Early Permian and Late Cretaceous, respectively. We propose that the Christianso High was a structural low during the Late Jurassic, which was later inverted in the Late Cretaceous. We suggest that a fan shaped feature in the seismic data, adjacent to the Christianso, Fault within the Hand Bay Basin, represents rapidly deposited, coarse-grained sediments eroded from the inverted Christianso High during the Late Cretaceous. We identify a number of faults within the deeper part of the Baltic Basin, which we also interpret to be transpressional in nature, formed during the Caledonian Orogeny in the Late Silurian-Early Devonian. East of Gotland a number of sedimentary structures consisting of Silurian carbonate reefs and Ordovician carbonate mounds, as well as a large Quaternary glacial feature are observed. Finally, we use the seismic interpretation to infer the structural and stratigraphic history of the Baltic and Hand Bay basins within the Swedish sector.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 676, 90-111 p.
Baltic Basin; Hano Bay Basin; Tornquist Zone; Inversion; Transtension; Transpression
Geophysics Geology Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280677DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.03.012ISI: 000377317500006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-280677DiVA: diva2:911731
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2010-3657