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Experience of non-breastfeeding mothers: Norms and ethically responsible risk communication
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Delft Univ Technol, NL-2600 AA Delft, Netherlands.
2016 (English)In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 23, no 2, 231-241 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is currently strongly recommended by midwives and paediatricians, and the recommendations are based on documents provided by the World Health Organization and public health authorities worldwide.

RESEARCH QUESTION: The underlying question is, how are non-breastfeeding mothers affected emotionally when informed that breastfeeding is the safest and healthiest option?

RESEARCH DESIGN: The method used is an anonymous web-based qualitative survey exploring the narratives of non-breastfeeding mothers, published on Thesistools.com. The aim is to achieve qualitative knowledge about the emotions of non-breastfeeding mothers.

PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: Participants were based in Sweden, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands and were selected through a purposeful sample.

ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The online survey anonymizes responses automatically, and all respondents had to tick a box agreeing to be quoted anonymously in scientific articles. The study conforms to research ethics guidelines.

FINDINGS: Respondents describe how they were affected, and the following themes emerged in studying their descriptions: depression, anxiety and pain, feeling failed as a mother and woman, loss of freedom/feeling trapped, relief and guilt.

DISCUSSION: The themes are discussed against the background of the ethics of care and a theory of ethically responsible risk communication.

CONCLUSION: Three conclusions are made. First, the message should become more empathetic. Second, information should be given in an attentive dialogue. Third, information providers should evaluate effects in a more inclusive way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 23, no 2, 231-241 p.
Keyword [sv]
breast-feeding, non-breast feeding, nursing, mothers, experience, bottle feeding
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280783DOI: 10.1177/0969733014561913ISI: 000372636200011PubMedID: 25533621OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-280783DiVA: diva2:912095
Available from: 2016-03-15 Created: 2016-03-15 Last updated: 2016-05-18Bibliographically approved

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Fahlquist, Jessica Nihlén
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