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A study of oligothiophene–acceptor dyes in p-type dye-sensitized solar cells
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry. (Prof Hammarstrom Leif's group)
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2016 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, no 22, 18165-18177 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two new dyes, E1 and E2, equipped with triphenylamine as the electron donor, oligothiophene as the linkerand different electron acceptor groups, have been designed and synthesized as photosensitizers for p-typedye-sensitized solar cells (p-DSCs). A systematic study of the effect of molecular structures on the observedphotophysical properties, the electron/hole recombination process, the overall performance and theinterfacial charge separation was carried out. Transient absorption spectroscopy (TAS) shows that the E1dye with a napthoilene-1,2-benzimidazole (NBI) unit as the acceptor has a longer lifetime in the reducedstate than the E2 dye with a malononitrile subunit on the NiO surface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 6, no 22, 18165-18177 p.
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280839DOI: 10.1039/c5ra26310gISI: 000370717900043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-280839DiVA: diva2:912157
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Energy AgencyKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationÅForsk (Ångpanneföreningen's Foundation for Research and Development), 14-452Stiftelsen Olle Engkvist Byggmästare
Available from: 2016-03-15 Created: 2016-03-15 Last updated: 2017-11-30
In thesis
1. Exploring Electron Transfer Dynamics of Novel Dye Sensitized Photocathodes: Towards Solar Cells and Solar Fuels
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Electron Transfer Dynamics of Novel Dye Sensitized Photocathodes: Towards Solar Cells and Solar Fuels
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The design of dyes for NiO-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) has drawn attention owing to their potential applications in photocatalysis and because they are indispensable for the development of tandem dye-sensitized solar cells. The understanding of the electron transfer mechanisms and dynamics is beneficial to guide further dye design and further improve the performance of photocathode in solar cells and solar fuel devices.

Time-resolved spectroscopy techniques, especially femtosecond and nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy, supply sufficient resolution to get insights into the charge transfer processes in p-type dye sensitized solar cell and solar fuel devices. In paper I-V, several kinds of novel organic “push-pull” and inorganic charge transfer dyes for sensitization of p-type NiO, were systematically investigated by time-resolved spectroscopy, and photo-induced charge transfer dynamics of the organic/inorganic dyes were summarized. The excited state and reduced state intermediates were investigated in solution phase as references to confirm the charge injection and recombination on the NiO surface. The charge recombination kinetics is remarkably heterogeneous in some cases occurring on time scales spanning at least six orders of magnitude even for the same dye.

In this thesis, we also proposed a novel concept of solid state p-type dye sensitized solar cells (p-ssDSSCs) for the first time (paper VI), using an organic dye P1 as sensitizer on mesoporous NiO and phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as electron conductor. Femtosecond and nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy gave evidence for sub-ps hole injection from excited P1 to NiO, followed by electron transfer from P1●- to PCBM. The p-ssDSSCs device showed an impressive 620 mV open circuit photovoltage.

Chapter 6 (paper VII) covers the study of electron transfer mechanisms in a covalently linked dye-catalyst (PB-2) sensitized NiO photocathode, towards hydrogen producing solar fuel devices. Hole injection from excited dye (PB-2*) into NiO VB takes place on dual time scales, and the reduced PB-2 (PB-2●-) formed then donates an electron to the catalyst unit.  The subsequent regeneration efficiency of PB-2 by the catalyst unit (the efficiency of catalyst reduction) is determined to ca. 70%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. 80 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1418
Keyword
Electron transfer, Laser spectroscopy, Femtosecond spectroscopy, Transient absorption, NiO, DSSCs, DSSFDs, Charge separation, Solar energy conversion, Nanosecond photolysis, Photophysics
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Chemical Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-302263 (URN)978-91-554-9678-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-10-21, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2016-10-11

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Zhang, LeiBoschloo, GerritHagfeldt, AndersHammarström, LeifTian, Haining

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